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Power & Utilities Training

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Available Courses

TargetSolutions’ Power & Utilities compliance training is written according to OSHA regulation 29 CFR 1910.269 regarding the operation and maintenance of electric power generation, control, transformation, transmission and distribution lines. This catalog covers required safety-related procedures related to job assignments and associated power generation equipment.


POWER

BOILERS

Analysis of Boiler Efficiency
This course explains how air heaters and preheaters affect boiler efficiency and heat rate. After completing this course, participants should be able to identify boiler parameters commonly associated with air heaters and preheaters and explain how boiler efficiency and heat rate are affected by changes in those parameters. They should also be able to explain how problems with air heaters and preheaters can be recognized and corrected.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Boiler Efficiency 1: Air Heaters and Preheaters
This course explains how air heaters and preheaters affect boiler efficiency and heat rate. After completing this course participants should be able to identify boiler parameters commonly associated with air heaters and preheaters and explain how boiler efficiency and heat rate are affected by changes in those parameters. They should also be able to explain how problems with air heaters and preheaters can be recognized and corrected.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Boiler Efficiency 2: Oil and Gas Fired Furnaces
This course is designed to explain how the windbox, the burners, and the furnace affect the efficiency and heat rate of oil and gas fired boilers. After completing this course, participants should be able to explain how the windbox, the burners, and the furnace operate together to sustain combustion, and how problems with these components can be recognized and corrected.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Boiler Efficiency 2: Windboxes, Burners, and the Furnace
This course is designed to explain how the windbox, the burners, and the furnace affect boiler efficiency and heat rate. After completing this course, participants should be able to explain how the windbox, the burners, and the furnace operate together to sustain combustion, and how problems with these components can be recognized and corrected.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Boiler Efficiency 3: Superheaters, Reheaters, and the Economizer
This course describes how superheaters, reheaters, and the economizer affect boiler efficiency and heat rate. After completing this course, participants should be able to describe how superheaters and reheaters add heat to steam, and how the economizer adds heat to feedwater. They should also be able to explain how attemperators control steam temperatures and protect superheaters and reheaters; and how problems with superheaters, reheaters, and economizers affect heat rate.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Boiler Fundamentals
Boilers are commonly used to provide a source of steam for industrial plants. The plant personnel who operate and maintain boilers need to have a good working knowledge of the fundamental principles of boiler operation. They also have to know how to monitor and control the operation of boilers in their plant and the systems associated with the boilers.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Boiler Instruments and Controls
This course is designed to review some of the major points covered in previous courses of the heat rate improvement series, and to cover additional points related to boiler efficiency. After completing this course, participants should be able to describe how changes in parameters that are monitored in the control room can affect boiler efficiency. They should also be able to identify conditions that an operator should routinely inspect at the boiler and its associated equipment.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Boiler Technology
What type of boiler should you install? How large should it be? What is involved in boiler maintenance? This interactive online course will inform you about the latest Boiler Technology available in the industry and provide critical information regarding types of boilers, opportunities for energy efficiency, and conversion of boilers to natural gas or hydrogen fuel. Also included is information you’ll need to know regarding how to avoid contamination and corrosion, and other important operational guidelines that will improve boiler performance.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Boilers: Basic Principles and Types
Industrial plants rely on steam for heating and other processes, and boilers are commonly used to provide this steam. This unit examines the basic principles of boiler operation and the basic concepts of heat transfer. The major types of boilers used in industrial facilities are also described.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Boilers: Combustion, Water, and Steam
This course is designed to familiarize participants with some of the equipment and flow paths associated with combustion and steam production in a boiler. After completing this course, participants should be able to describe the parts and operation of typical gas burners, oil burners, and stokers. They should also be able to explain how air flow is produced in a boiler, why the proper fuel-to-air ratio must be maintained, and how air heaters improve the efficiency of boiler operation. Finally, participants should be able to explain how water circulation occurs in a boiler and describe the use of economizers and moisture separators.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Efficient Boiler Operation
This course explains some of the fundamental aspects of turbine efficiency. After completing this course, participants should be able to identify energy flows that enter and exit a typical turbine generator set, and explain how to determine the efficiency of a turbine.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Efficient Operation of Oil and Gas Fired Boilers
This course describes how changes in parameters can affect boiler efficiency and heat rate. After completing this course, participants should be able to explain how changes in key boiler parameters can affect boiler efficiency and heat rate, how some of the possible causes of those changes can be identified, and how problems that can cause parameters to change can be recognized during a boiler walkdown.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Feedwater Heater Efficiency
This course is designed to teach participants how to recognize whether feedwater heaters are operating properly. After completing this course, participants should understand how a feedwater heater works and the role it plays in a generating unit. They should also know how to monitor the operation of a feedwater heater to maintain maximum efficiency and how to recognize and identify feedwater heater problems.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Power Plant Boilers: Abnormal Conditions and Emergencies
This course is designed to familiarize participants with common boiler problems and some of the basic causes of boiler explosions. After completing this course, participants should be able to describe basic procedures for dealing with the loss of certain boiler auxiliaries, leaks, overpressure conditions, and equipment fires. They should also be able to describe some basic causes of boiler explosions and explain what operators can do to help prevent boiler explosions.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Power Plant Boilers: Combustion and Operation
This course is designed to familiarize participants with the basic principles associated with combustion in a boiler and the flow of air and combustion gases during boiler operation. After completing this course, participants should be able to identify the elements needed for combustion in a boiler, explain how fuel is delivered to the burners, and describe the parts and operation of various types of burners. They should also be able to describe the air and gas flow path through a boiler and describe methods used to remove particulates and harmful gases from combustion gases. In addition, participants should be able to explain when and why vents, drains, blowdown valves, and soot blowers are used.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Power Plant Boilers: Normal Operations
This course is designed to familiarize participants with the tasks involved in operating boilers under normal conditions. After completing this course, participants should be able to explain what steady state conditions for a boiler are and describe typical operator concerns associated with the energy losses that occur during operation of a boiler under steady state conditions. They should also be able to describe operator responsibilities for monitoring and controlling the boiler’s steam/water system, air/gas system, steam temperature, and ash removal systems.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Power Plant Boilers: Startup and Shutdown
This course is designed to familiarize participants with basic techniques for starting up and shutting down drum-type boilers and once-through boilers. After completing this course, participants should be able to describe basic procedures for performing a cold startup of a drum-type boiler, lighting off the furnace, warming up the boiler, and establishing the boiler flame. They should also be able to describe basic procedures for shutting down a typical drum-type boiler. In addition, participants should be able to compare and contrast the startup and shutdown of a drum-type boiler with the startup and shutdown of a once-through boiler.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Power Plant Boilers: Water and Steam
This course is designed to familiarize participants with the basic principles associated with the flow of water and steam in various types of boilers. After completing this course, participants should be able to describe the flow path of water through a typical drum-type boiler, explain the differences between natural circulation and controlled circulation, and describe the functions and components of a typical boiler drum. They should also be able to describe the flow path of steam from the boiler to the condenser in a typical generating unit and explain the function of each component in the flow path. In addition, participants should be able to explain why some boilers operate above the critical point, describe the flow path of water in a once-through supercritical boiler, and explain how steam pressure is maintained in a drum-type boiler and in a once-through boiler.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)


COAL HANDLING

Equipment

Ash Handling
Ash is the solid residue that is produced when coal is burned. To keep a coal-fired plant operating, ash must be collected, removed from the plant, and properly disposed of.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Auxiliary Equipment
Auxiliary equipment is used to perform support operations in a typical coal handling system. Support operations, such as weighing coal and collecting coal samples, help provide important information for coal handling and other plant operations.This training program explains why coal is weighed and sampled, and describes some of the auxiliary equipment used to perform these jobs. It also covers some of the preventative maintenance tasks that coal handlers may perform to keep auxiliary equipment in good working condition.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Car Dumpers
Coal handlers operate and maintain the equipment used to transport and unload coal cars. This equipment may include rotary car dumpers, positioners, and retarders. To help coal handlers develop the skills needed to work safely with this equipment, this course describes how rotary car dumpers, positioners, and retarders work. It also explains how this equipment is generally operated during receiving operations, and how it is maintained.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Coal Preparation Equipment
Coal preparation is an important aspect of coal handling. When coal leaves a plant's coal handling system, it generally is sent to one of two places. Depending on the design of the plant, the coal may go directly to a boiler furnace to be burned, or it may go through coal processing equipment, such as a pulverizer, before it is burned. In either case, coal usually has to be prepared during coal handling so that the pulverizing and burning will be more efficient. Coal preparation involves the use of special equipment that operators are often required to inspect, maintain, and troubleshoot. Operating coal preparation equipment properly can help prolong the life of the equipment and maximize the efficiency of the coal handling system.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Control Equipment
The components of a coal handling system are operated with control equipment. The proper operation of the control equipment ensures that the components are started and stopped in the correct sequence so that coal moves smoothly from one component to the next. If one of the components in the sequence is not operated properly, the entire system could come to a stop, and equipment could be damaged. This course describes how control equipment is used to operate coal handling components so that they work together smoothly as a system. Troubleshooting procedures that can be used to determine the cause of a coal handling system malfunction also are covered.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Conveyors
Coal handlers operate and maintain the equipment used to transport coal to a plant for burning or to a coal pile for storage. This equipment includes conveyors, feeders, and chutes. Coal handlers must also inspect and maintain equipment such as magnetic separators and cleaning devices, which help transport operations run smoothly. This course explains how the equipment involved in transport operations works, and how it should be inspected and maintained.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Dust Control
Dust control is an important part of coal handling operations. This course looks at where coal dust is produced, how it can spread, and how it can be kept from spreading. Specific attention is directed to equipment and techniques that are commonly used to control dust in coal handling systems.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Dust Control Equipment, Part 1
Dust from coal handling operations must be controlled to protect personal health, equipment, and the environment. There are many different types of equipment used to control coal dust, and operating it may be part of a coal yard worker’s job. Dust control equipment is classified into two main groups: equipment used to control dust inside buildings and equipment used to control dust outside in the coal yard. This course focuses on the equipment used in the coal yard.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Dust Control Equipment, Part 2
Dust from coal handling operations must be controlled to protect personal health, equipment, and the environment. There are many different types of equipment used to control coal dust, and operating it may be part of a coal yard worker’s job. Dust control equipment is classified into two main groups: equipment used to control dust inside buildings and equipment used to control dust outside in the coal yard. This course focuses on the equipment used in the coal yard.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Handling Wet and Frozen Coal
Wet and frozen coal can create difficult problems for coal handlers, including clogging equipment and impeding or blocking coal flow. However, many of the problems resulting from wet or frozen coal can be greatly reduced, and sometimes entirely avoided, by following certain precautions, by properly using specialized equipment, and, in some cases, by planning ahead. This training program covers the types of problems caused by wet and frozen coal, as well as methods and equipment that are commonly used to avoid, minimize, or respond to these problems.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Stackers
Plants that burn coal typically store their coal in outdoor piles. To move the coal to the storage pile, a machine called a stacker is often used. An important aspect of coal handling is operating a stacker, coordinating its operation with the rest of the coal handling system, and keeping it in good working condition by performing regular inspections and minor maintenance.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Trippers
Coal is stored in large containers such as bunkers before being burned in a plant's boilers. Bunkers provide a coal handling system with extra flexibility. For example, most plants do not receive or reclaim coal around the clock. As long as there is coal in the bunkers though, the plant can keep running without having to get coal from the point of delivery or from the coal pile. Whenever there is an interruption or a breakdown in coal handling, having a supply of coal on hand in the bunkers allows the plant to continue operating while the problem is corrected. To ensure that the bunkers are filled with coal, plants need equipment designed for that purpose. In many plants, the equipment used to fill bunkers are machines called trippers.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Fundamentals

Coal Handling Overview, Part 1
Coal handlers work with a variety of equipment designed to help them perform the job of keeping a plant supplied with coal. This equipment, known collectively as the coal handling system, provides an efficient way of carrying out basic coal handling operations, which includes receiving, transporting, storing, and preparing coal. Coal handling systems can also be designed to perform other functions such as weighing coal, taking coal samples, controlling coal dust, and removing ash. This course explains how coal handling systems receive, transport, and store coal outdoors.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Coal Handling Overview, Part 2
Coal handlers work with a variety of equipment designed to help them perform the job of keeping a plant supplied with coal. This equipment, known collectively as the coal handling system, provides an efficient way of carrying out basic coal handling operations. These operations include receiving, transporting, storing, and preparing coal. Coal handling systems can also be designed to perform other functions such as weighing coal, taking coal samples, and controlling coal dust. In addition, coal handlers may be involved in removing the ash produced when coal is burned. It is important for coal handlers to be familiar with the various types of coal handling equipment and with the jobs that they need to perform to keep a coal handling system operating safely and efficiently. This training program explains how coal handling systems generally operate. It also describes equipment that carries out some of the major operations and support functions involved in coal handling.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Coal Handling Overview, Part 3
Coal handlers work with a variety of equipment designed to help them perform the job of keeping a plant supplied with coal. This equipment, known collectively as the coal handling system, provides an efficient way of carrying out basic coal handling operations, which includes receiving, transporting, storing, and preparing coal. Coal handling systems can also be designed to perform other functions such as weighing coal, taking coal samples, controlling coal dust, and removing ash. This course describes how coal handling systems collect and remove ash and describes the jobs coal handlers need to perform to keep a coal handling system operating efficiently.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Moving

Bulldozers
The coal that is delivered to a plant is often unloaded and sent directly to bunkers that supply the boiler furnaces. However, when the bunkers are full, the coal delivered to the plant is typically deposited on storage piles. Bulldozers are used to spread coal out on these storage piles and to reclaim coal from the piles when it is needed in the plant. Bulldozers are also used to manage coal piles to reduce the risk of fires and to minimize loss from erosion due to wind and rain. Coal handlers who use bulldozers must know how to operate them safely and correctly, and how to take care of them properly. This training program focuses on the use of bulldozers in coal handling operations. Emphasis is placed on practical applications, inspection procedures, minor maintenance procedures, and basic operating procedures.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Coal Pile Management
Plants that need to burn large quantities of coal also need to maintain large coal reserves. The most common way of storing coal is in large outdoor storage piles.Coal pile management involves moving coal to and from storage piles, and maintaining the piles to deal with coal pile fires and environmental factors such as rain and wind.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Coal Yard Maintenance
Coal is a heavy, abrasive, and corrosive material that can be difficult for equipment to handle. To handle coal, equipment must often run at high speeds and carry heavy loads. To do its job, coal handling equipment must be continually maintained to ensure it stays in good running condition. This course examines the maintenance jobs that are commonly performed on coal handling equipment and describes how coal handlers may be involved with equipment maintenance.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Transport

Barge Unloading
Coal barges are generally loaded with coal dumped from trains. The loaded barges are taken to plants by tugboats, which also take the empty barges away to be reloaded. This course focuses on the operations involved in handling barges from the time they arrive at a plant until the empty barges are taken away. It examines in detail the components and operation of two types of barge unloaders: a bucket elevator unloader and a clamshell, or traveling tower, unloader.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Rail Yard Operations
Receiving and unloading coal are rail yard operations that are commonly performed by coal handlers. To help coal handlers develop the knowledge and skills necessary to work safely with rail yard equipment, this course covers basic rail yard equipment, including tracks, switches, coal cars, and locomotives. It also describes how the braking system on a coal car generally operates, emphasizes the safe working practices associated with mounting and dismounting coal cars, and covers effective communication among members of a rail yard crew.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)


COMBINED CYCLE

Combined Cycle: Abnormal Operations
In this course, we'll look at conditions that are associated with abnormal operations in a combined cycle power plant. We'll examine some problems that can occur during a cold startup and a routine shutdown. We'll also look at abnormal conditions associated with the heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) and the steam turbine/generator during routine operation.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Combined Cycle: Distributed Control Systems
In this course, we'll focus on distributed control systems (DCS) as they relate to combined cycle power plants. We'll look at the overall purpose of a DCS and examine the components that make up the system. We'll also look at how a DCS can be used to monitor normal plant operation, and change device states and set points. And we'll see how a DCS can be used to troubleshoot malfunctions and abnormalities.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Combined Cycle: Heat Recovery Steam Generators
In this course, we'll focus on heat recovery steam generators as they apply to combined cycle power plants. We'll cover some fundamentals related to the basic types of heat recovery steam generators (HRSGs) and to some general design considerations and we'll look at the components found in the various sections of an HRSG.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Combined Cycle: Normal Operations
In this course, we'll focus on the normal operation of a combined cycle power plant. We'll look at an overview of the major components of a combined cycle plant, and we'll see how procedures for plant control are developed and updated. We'll also look at the procedures involved in starting up and shutting down a plant, and we'll see how a distributed control system (DCS) helps operators monitor and maintain a plant during normal operation.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)


COMBUSTION TURBINE

Combustion Turbine: Abnormal Operations
In this program, we'll cover some problems that can occur during operation of a simple cycle combustion turbine that drives an electric generator, and we'll see how operators can deal with these problems. We'll look at problems that can occur during startup and shutdown. We'll also look at some of the abnormal conditions that can occur within the different component sections of the turbine generator unit, and its support systems.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Combustion Turbine: Components
In this course, we will focus on the components that make up a typical combustion turbine, including those related to the intake and compression of the inlet air, the combustion of the fuel/air mixture, and the expansion of hot combustion gases through and out of the turbine.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Combustion Turbine: Normal Operations
In this course, we'll focus on operator responsibilities that are typically associated with the normal operation of a simple cycle combustion turbine that drives an electric generator. We'll see pre-startup checks that operators perform, and we'll look at steps involved in starting up the unit and then shutting it down. We'll also identify conditions that operators monitor during normal turbine operation, and we'll cover some routine inspection and maintenance tasks that operators may perform.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Combustion Turbine: Principles
In this course, we will focus primarily on combustion turbines that drive electric generators. From this perspective, we will go over the general principles of operation for a combustion turbine. We will look at the fundamentals of how combustion turbines work. We will examine factors that affect turbine efficiency, and we will see some of the many different applications in which combustion turbines are used.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Combustion Turbine: Support Systems, Part 1
In this course, we will focus on several vital support systems that are associated with combustion turbines including the inlet air system, the lubricating oil system and the starting system, and different types of fuel systems.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Combustion Turbine: Support Systems, Part 2
In this course, we'll cover three support systems that are critical for safe and efficient operation of a combustion turbine. These are the control system, the fire protection system, and the environmental system.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)


CONDENSERS

Condenser Efficiency
This course is designed to teach participants how condenser performance can affect the efficiency of a generating unit. After completing this course, participants should be able to identify energy flows into and out of a condenser and know how these flows are related to the efficiency of the condenser and to unit heat rate. Participants should also be familiar with different methods of determining condenser efficiency, such as by checking parameters and indicators and using condenser performance curves and circulating water pump selection curves. In addition, participants learn how changes in condenser vacuum can affect unit heat rate and operating costs.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Efficient Condenser Operation
This course is designed to explain how three general categories of problems can affect condenser vacuum, efficiency, and unit heat rate. After completing this course, participants should be able to describe how tube fouling and blockages, air leakage into the condenser, and circulating water flow and temperature problems affect efficiency and unit heat rate. They should also be able to identify ways to recognize and respond to these problems.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)


ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Environmental Protection Systems - Air Pollution
This course is designed to familiarize participants with the basic concepts associated with what air pollution is and how it can be controlled. After completing this course, participants should be able to explain what air pollution is, where it can come from, and how it can be monitored. They should also be able to explain how air pollution from industrial facilities can be controlled.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Environmental Protection Systems - Water Pollution
This course explains how water pollution standards are expressed, what the standards are for certain pollutants, and where many pollutants come from. The course also discusses how industrial facilities keep their discharges of potential pollutants below the standards set for them and describes some of the techniques and types of equipment that industry uses to prevent the discharge of pollutants into the environment.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)



FURNACES

Furnace Fundamentals
An important part of an operator’s job when working with any furnace is to make sure that the furnace is running efficiently in order to save fuel, maximize the amount o f heat that is produced, and minimize the amount of heat that is wasted. More importantly, careful furnace operation helps prevent explosions, injury, and damage to equipment.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Furnace Introduction
Furnaces are an important source of heat for many industrial facilities. Furnaces, which can also be referred to as fired process heaters, are basically enclosed structures that produce heat by the combustion of fuels. This course will review the major components that make up furnaces, explain how combustion takes place inside a furnace, and identify the different flow paths inside a furnace.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Furnaces: Operating Conditions
This course is designed to familiarize participants with general operator responsibilities associated with operating a furnace. After completing this course, participants should be able to identify instrumentation used to monitor furnace operating conditions and explain the basic operating principles, temperature control systems, and process fluid control systems. They should also be able to identify conditions that should be checked during furnace operations and explain how to detect and respond to abnormal conditions.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Furnaces: Startup and Shutdown
This course is designed to familiarize participants with basic procedures for starting up and shutting down a furnace. After completing this course, participants should be able to describe basic procedures for preparing a furnace for startup, establishing the flow of process fluid, and lighting the burners. They should also be able to describe general considerations and basic procedures associated with planned furnace shutdowns and unplanned, or emergency, furnace shutdowns.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)



HEAT EXCHANGERS

Heat Exchangers: Introduction
In many industrial processes there is waste of energy or a heat stream that is being exhausted—heat exchangers can be used to recover this heat and put it to use by heating a different stream in the process. This practice can save a lot of money in industry.Heat exchangers are widely used in industry both for cooling and heating large scale industrial processes. As an operator you may be required to operate many types of heat exchangers. This interactive online course is designed to introduce you to basic principles of heat transfer and the components and operating principles of shell and tube heat exchangers and plate heat exchangers.

Course Duration: 0.5 Hour(s)



MECHANICAL MAINTENANCE

Pumps: Basic Types and Operation
For plants to operate efficiently, the proper flow of fluids is essential. To keep liquids flowing through plant piping systems, pumps are used. In this online interactive course, we will examine some of the fundamental aspects of pumps. We will cover the design and operation of two basic types of pumps: positive displacement pumps and centrifugal pumps.

Course Duration: 0.5 Hour(s)



POWER PLANT OPERATION

Cycle Efficiency
This course is designed to familiarize participants with the concept of a boiler envelope and with the input/output method and the heat loss method of determining boiler efficiency. After completing this course, participants should be able to explain what a boiler envelope is and identify energy flows into and out of the boiler envelope. They should also be able to describe how the input/output method and the heat loss method are used to determine boiler efficiency, and identify factors that must be considered when each method is used. Also covered are factors over which the boiler operator has some control.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Efficient Power Plant Operation
This course is designed to explain why unit heat rate is higher than normal during certain operating conditions and describe what can be done to prevent additional efficiency losses from occurring during these conditions. After completing this course, participants should be able to explain how careful planning and following plant procedures can reduce efficiency losses during unit startups and shutdowns. They should also be able to explain why parameters should be kept at their setpoints during reduced power operation, and how changes in weather conditions affect efficiency and heat rate.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Electrical Energy and Power
The forms of energy commonly used to produce electrical energy are known as primary energy sources, which include coal, oil, natural gas, and nuclear energy. These sources are refined, burned, or processed in order to create the electrical energy used to power homes and appliances. In this course, participants will learn to define electrical energy and power as well as list the different units used to measure electrical power.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Introduction to Heat Rate Improvement
By the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe what heat rate is and how it can be determined, and explain how the operating efficiencies of units and components can be determined. They should also be able to describe how operations, maintenance, and engineering groups contribute to the efficient operation of a power plant.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Power Plant Efficiency: Problems and Analysis
This course is designed to reinforce major concepts taught in the heat rate improvement series by having participants participate in the identification and analysis of problems that affect heat rate. After completing this course, participants should be able to identify some of the problems that commonly occur in power plants by using related parameters, and describe how heat rate and fuel consumption are affected by these problems. The final segment in the course summarizes key points from the courses in the heat rate improvement series.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Power Plant Operation: Safety and Pollution Control
This course is designed to familiarize participants with some of the basic concepts associated with personal protection, tagging procedures, and pollution control. After completing this course, participants should be able to describe some of the basic protective equipment that operators commonly use and explain how a tagging system protects personnel who work on or around plant equipment. They should also be able to describe methods of controlling air pollution, thermal pollution, water pollution, and noise pollution.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Power Plant Systems: Condensate and Feedwater Systems
This course is designed to familiarize participants with the basic layout of a typical condensate and feedwater system and the basic operation of the system's individual components. After completing this course, participants should be able to identify the components in a condensate and feedwater system and describe the basic operation of each component. They should also be able to explain how the system normally operates, describe operator responsibilities associated with normal operation, and identify some common operating problems.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Power Plant Thermodynamics
After completing this course, participants should be able to explain the basic processes of a typical steam/water cycle and the way the efficiencies of those processes relate to the overall efficiency of the plant. Participants should also be able to explain the effects of changing or modifying the components of a steam/water cycle and to explain what Rankine efficiency is.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Power Plant: Condensate and Feedwater System
This course will describe the basic layout of a typical condensate and feedwater system, the basic functions of the system components, and general operation of each component. It will also describe the normal operation of a typical condensate and feedwater system, identify operator responsibilities associated with normal operation, describe some operating problems that may occur, and explain how operating problems can be dealt with.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Power Plant: Condenser and Circulating Water
The condenser and the circulating water system play a vital role in plant operation and efficiency by completing the steam/water cycle. Part of an operator's job involves monitoring and controlling the condenser and circulating water system. Therefore, it is important to have a good understanding of how these components work and what problems can affect them.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Power Plant: Power & Energy
Power plant operators are responsible for maintaining power production and making sure the plant operates safely and efficiently. To see why this is important, it is helpful to understand how an individual plant fits into a power system providing electricity and distributing electricity to customers.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Power Plant: Power Generation
This course covers topics related to power generation at power plant systems, including voltage induced in an alternating current (AC) generator, generator output current, generator excitation, hydrogen cooling systems, and stator cooling systems.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Power Plant: Steam Cycle
In a power plant, the steam cycle is essential to the production of electricity. This course will familiarize participants with basic concepts associated with the flow of steam and water through a power plant.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Power Plant: Steam Systems
Steam Systems is a course designed to familiarize participants with the design and operation of the steam systems found in a typical power plant.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Principles of Heat Transfer
This course is designed to familiarize participants with the basic laws governing heat in motion in a power plant. The course explains basic thermodynamic principles and shows how they apply to the efficiency of plant processes. After completing this course, participants should be able to explain the basic principles of thermodynamics and why they are important to power plant operation. They should also be familiar with temperature/entropy charts, and explain how they are used to determine and compare the efficiency of various processes in a plant cycle.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Power Plant Protection: Boiler and Turbine Protections
This course is designed to familiarize participants with devices and techniques used to protect boilers and turbines. After completing this course, participants should be able to identify common boiler and turbine problems and explain how they can be prevented or minimized.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Power Plant Protection: Fundamentals
This course is designed to familiarize participants with various types of hazards that may exist in a power plant. After completing this course, participants should be able to identify common types of mechanical and electrical hazards, temperature and pressure hazards, and fire and chemical hazards. They should also be able to describe devices and techniques that can be used to prevent or minimize these hazards.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Power Plant Protection: Integrated Systems
This course is designed to familiarize participants with the interaction of various systems that work together to protect plant equipment. After completing this course, participants should be able to interpret logic diagrams that represent the functions carried out by plant protection equipment. They should also be able to identify conditions that can cause a boiler trip, a turbine trip, and a generator trip.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)



PROCESS EQUIPMENT AND OPERATIONS

Operator Responsibilities: Plant Production and Safety
The primary responsibility of a plant operator is to ensure that a unit functions safely and efficiently. To fulfill that responsibility an operator must be able to perform different types of duties under a variety of operating conditions. In this interactive online course, we'll focus on operator responsibilities related to plant production and we'll examine some safety responsibilities and regulations that apply to various operating conditions. We'll also examine some safety permits and regulations that operators must be familiar with.

Course Duration: 0.5 Hour(s)



TURBINES

Analysis of Turbine Efficiency
This course explain how a typical turbine is designed to convert energy to work and how turbine efficiency is affected by problems with internal turbine components. After completing this course, participants should have an understanding of how internal components, particularly the turbine blades, affect turbine efficiency and heat rate. They should also be able to identify ways to recognize and correct efficiency problems associated with a turbine.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Power Plant Turbines: Bearings and Operation
This course is designed to familiarize participants with basic principles associated with turbine shaft bearing lubrication, turbine speed control, and turbine operation. After completing this course, participants should be able to identify and describe the functions of the components of a typical turbine lube oil system. They should also be able to describe the basic components and operation of a typical turbine speed control system. In addition, participants should be able to describe operator responsibilities associated with turbine startup, operation, and shutdown.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Power Plant Turbines: Steam Flow
This course is designed to familiarize participants with basic principles associated with the construction and operation of steam turbines. After completing this course, participants should be able to state the functions of the main parts of a typical turbine and describe how steam causes impulse blades and reaction blades to turn a turbine's wheels. They should also be able to describe the purpose and operation of a gland steam seal system, a gland steam seal exhaust system, a carbon seal, and a water seal.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Turbine Efficiency, Part 1
This course examines some of the conditions that can cause operating parameters to change and some of the effects of those changes. After completing this course, participants should be able to explain why it is important to operate a turbine as close to its design parameter values as possible, and describe how changes in certain parameters affect efficiency, heat rate, and fuel consumption.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Turbine Efficiency, Part 2
This course is designed to explain how turbine efficiency and unit heat rate are affected by the use of attemperation, by the positioning of the turbine control valves, and by changes in extraction steam flows. After completing this course, participants should be able to explain why superheat and reheat attemperation cause heat rate to increase, and describe ways to prevent frictional losses in the turbine control valves. They should also be able to describe how heat rate is affected by changes in extraction steam flows.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Turbine Efficiency, Part 3
This course introduces the fundamental aspects of heat transfer and relates that information to component and plant efficiency. After completing the course, participants should be able to explain how heat transfer occurs and identify factors that affect heat transfer. They should also be able to explain how changes in operating conditions affect the factors associated with heat transfer.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)



WATER TREATMENT

Water Treatment: Water for Plant Systems, Part 1
This course is designed to familiarize participants with basic concepts associated with removing dissolved solids and gases from water, and with the safe use of chemicals in water treatment. After completing this course, participants should be able to describe ways in which dissolved solids and gases can cause problems in plant equipment. They should also be able to describe how these impurities can be removed by devices such as water softeners, demineralizers, activated carbon filters, aerators, and de-aerators. In addition, they should be able to explain how chemicals are used in water treatment and identify safety precautions associated with the use of chemicals.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)

Water Treatment: Water for Plant Systems, Part 2
This course is designed to familiarize participants with basic concepts associated with removing dissolved solids and gases from water, and with the safe use of chemicals in water treatment. After completing this course, participants should be able to describe ways in which dissolved solids and gases can cause problems in plant equipment. They should also be able to describe how these impurities can be removed by devices such as water softeners, demineralizers, activated carbon filters, aerators, and de-aerators. In addition, they should be able to explain how chemicals are used in water treatment and identify safety precautions associated with the use of chemicals.

Course Duration: 2 Hour(s)


UTILITIES

OVERHEAD LINE

34.5 KV Rubber Glove Work
The 34.5 KV Rubber Glove Work course is designed to introduce participants to procedures and equipment associated with performing rubber glove work on 34.5 KV lines. To obtain maximum benefit from this course, participants should have a good understanding of overhead distribution systems. At the conclusion of the course, participants should be able to describe electrical hazards associated with working on 34.5 KV distribution lines; and describe how to select, use, and care for the equipment typically required for working on 34.5 KV lines. Participants should also be able to explain how this equipment and some general safety procedures are used to perform 34.5 KV rubber glove work.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Climbing Steel Poles and Towers
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic principles of safe climbing on steel poles and towers. Participants are also introduced to some of the common techniques for getting into position to do a job on a steel pole or tower. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to list and describe common climbing-related hazards encountered by linemen. They should be able to identify basic climbing equipment and demonstrate how it is used when climbing steel poles and towers. They should also be able to demonstrate and explain basic techniques for positioning in order to perform specific tasks.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Climbing Wooden Poles
The purpose of this course is to teach the use of basic climbing equipment, the basic techniques of free and belted climbing, and the care and maintenance of climbing equipment. Participants are also introduced to some basic climbing situations typically encountered by new climbers on a job. At the conclusion of this course, participants should have a basic understanding of the equipment used for climbing wooden poles, how to determine the proper fit of equipment, how equipment is cared for and maintained, and how equipment is tested and inspected. Participants should also understand the basic techniques of free and belted climbing and how to maneuver around a pole.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Overhead Distribution Systems
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic layout of overhead distribution systems, to explain how to identify circuits and equipment in the field, and to introduce delta- and wye-connected distribution systems. The basic theory underlying the operation of delta and wye systems is presented, and the differences between them are discussed. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe the basic layout of an overhead distribution system and identify circuits and equipment in the field. They should understand the basic characteristics of delta and wye systems and should be able to identify delta and wye circuits in the field. They should also understand the importance of identifying whether a system is connected delta or wye before any work is performed.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Overhead Troubleshooting, Part 1
Overhead Troubleshooting, Part 1 is designed to introduce participants to some basic troubleshooting steps that can be applied to any type of overhead electrical system problem and to demonstrate how those steps can be applied to several different troubleshooting situations. Although Overhead Troubleshooting. Course, Part 1 is an introductory course; it is recommended that participants have a general understanding of overhead system components and operation. Participants without this prior training may require additional explanation or instruction. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to identify some basic troubleshooting steps that can be applied to any type of overhead system problem; identify other considerations that should be kept in mind during any kind of troubleshooting activity; and describe how some basic troubleshooting steps can be applied to several different troubleshooting situations.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Overhead Troubleshooting, Part 2 - Emergency Conditions
Overhead Troubleshooting, Part 2 is designed to familiarize participants with some of the basic principles associated with troubleshooting overhead electrical systems during emergency conditions. Particular attention is paid to the differences between troubleshooting during emergency conditions and troubleshooting during normal conditions, and to the manner in which communications are handled. T o gain maximum advantage from this course, participants should have a basic understanding of the components and operation of an overhead electrical system, and they should have completed the Overhead Troubleshooting, Part 1 course. Participants without this prior training may require additional explanation or instruction. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to identify basic differences between troubleshooting under emergency conditions and troubleshooting under normal conditions, and describe basic preparations and safety precautions associated with troubleshooting under emergency conditions. They should also be able to explain why a communications center is needed during emergency conditions and how communications to and from the communications center are handled. The participants should also be able to describe how repairs to problems encountered during troubleshooting are prioritized during emergency situations.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Pole Framing and Guying
The purpose of this course is to teach several approaches to framing and guying utility poles. Several types of construction that are in common use are presented. Several approaches to framing poles are demonstrated: single crossarm, multiple crossarm, armless, and vertical construction. Techniques for positioning and installing guy wires are also explained. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe several types of construction. They should be able to install crossarms and insulators on utility poles. They should also be able to explain the considerations involved in selecting and positioning guys and anchors and to demonstrate how to install a guy wire.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Pole Top Equipment & Replacement, Part 1
The Pole Top Equipment and Replacement course is designed to familiarize participants with the various types of pole top equipment and switches used in overhead distribution systems. Pole top equipment operation and function are discussed along with general procedures for equipment replacement and maintenance. To obtain maximum advantage from this course, participants should be familiar with the Transmission and Distribution (T&D) Systems and Theory courses and the T&D Maintenance Basics courses or have equivalent background. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe how pole top cutouts, reclosers, sectionalizers, and gang-operated switches are used to provide coordinated protection for a distribution system. They should also be able to identify problems that occur in pole top equipment, and they should be able to describe general procedures for replacing fused cutouts, reclosers, and gang-operated switches.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Pole Top Equipment & Replacement, Part 2
The purpose of this course is to teach how overhead capacitors and voltage regulators work, how to detect problems in their operation, and how to safely replace them if necessary. To accomplish this, the course presents the basic theory and operating characteristics of overhead capacitors and voltage regulators and demonstrates how they can be safely replaced. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe the function and operation of overhead capacitors, how to detect operating problems, and how to replace an overhead capacitor safely. They should also be able to describe the function and operation of overhead voltage regulators, how to detect voltage regulator problems, and how to safely replace an overhead voltage regulator.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Pole Top Transformer Replacement
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic procedures used to safely remove and install pole top transformers. Although specific types of transformers are used as examples, emphasis is placed on general procedures that apply to the majority of pole top transformers. At the conclusion of this course, participants should understand the basic procedures for replacing pole top transformers safely and efficiently. Their understanding should include how to use a boom or blocks and a truck-mounted winch to install or remove a transformer and the basic techniques used to connect and disconnect pole top transformers. They should also be familiar with some methods commonly used to replace a transformer without interrupting customer service, and they should know how to use the appropriate safety equipment for transformer replacement procedures.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Transformer Connections, Part 1
The purpose of this course is to teach the common types of overhead transformers and how they are connected. Both single-phase and three-phase connections are covered, but the emphasis is on three-phase connections. The course presents connection theory and demonstrates how connections are made. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe and demonstrate how to make single-phase transformer connections. They should be able to describe and demonstrate how to make three-phase connections in the wye-wye and delta-delta configurations. They should also be able to verify that a replacement transformer is the right one.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Transformer Connections, Part 2
The purpose of this course is to teach how common types of overhead transformers can be connected together. Both single-phase and three-phase transformers are covered, but the emphasis is on three-phase connections of three single-phase transformers. The course presents connection theory using phasor diagrams and demonstrates how each of the connections is made. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe and demonstrate how to make three-phase connections in all of the following configurations: delta-wye, wye-delta, alternative delta-delta, and alternative wye-delta. Participants should also be able to show these connections using phasor diagrams. They should be able to demonstrate how to connect transformers to form an open bank in the configurations of delta-delta and wye-delta.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Transformer Troubleshooting
The purpose of this course is to teach techniques for troubleshooting single-phase transformers and three-phase transformer banks. The course demonstrates how to identify a faulted transformer. It also demonstrates how to isolate transformers and how to test for proper no-load voltage. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to identify a faulted single-phase transformer, isolate it, and test it for proper no-load voltage. They should also be able to identify a faulted transformer in a three-phase transformer bank, isolate the faulted transformer, and test it for proper no-load voltage.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Transmission Line Installation
The purpose of this course is to describe and demonstrate an approach to installing a transmission line. This work is not a routine part of a lineman's job in many locations, but an understanding of the basic approach is useful to individuals who are responsible for maintaining lines. At the conclusion of this course, participants should understand how to plan and set up an installation job. They should know the purpose of guard structures and how to set them up. They should also know how to pull conductors into place to proper sag and how to clip them permanently to the insulators.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Transmission Line Repair - Bare Hand Method
The purpose of this course is to teach the theory and practice involved in using the bare hand method to perform live transmission line repair. Safety is emphasized throughout the course. The basic theory of bare hand work is presented as well as the equipment used to perform this work. Installation of a repair sleeve is used as an example to illustrate how the principles of bare hand work are applied. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to explain what bare hand repair work is, why it works, and how it is done. They should also be able to explain how to install a repair sleeve using the bare hand method.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Transmission Line Repair - Hot Sticks
The purpose of this course is to teach the theory and practice involved in safe use of hot sticks to perform live transmission line repair. Basic safety issues and basic techniques for the care, selection, and use of hot sticks are presented. The course builds on a basic understanding of how to work on transmission towers and the use of high-voltage rigging techniques to demonstrate replacement of string insulators using hot sticks. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe the safety issues important in performing live transmission line repair using hot sticks. They should be able to care for, select, and use hot sticks. They should also be able to explain how to replace string insulators in all three common positions.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Transmission Structures
The purpose of this course is to teach how transmission structures are built. It is recognized that transmission structure construction is not a routine part of a lineman's job in most locations; however, a basic understanding of how this work is done is useful for maintaining transmission lines. The course describes how transmission structure foundations are laid and covers three types of construction methods for erecting transmission structures. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe how two types of transmission structure foundations are laid. They should also be able to explain how transmission structure construction is planned and describe three ways that transmission structures are erected.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Tree Trimming, Part 1
Tree Trimming, Part 1 is designed to familiarize participants with the basic tasks, equipment, and safety hazards associated with trimming trees near energized power lines and equipment. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to identify safety hazards associated with tree trimming work and describe ways to avoid them. They should also be able to identify and describe the use of safety equipment, manual tools, and power tools that are commonly used for tree trimming work.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Tree Trimming, Part 2
Tree Trimming, Part 2 is designed to familiarize participants with procedures and equipment typically associated with emergency line clearance work. Emphasis is placed on the safety aspects of the job. It is assumed that participants have completed Tree Trimming, Part 1 or have equivalent background knowledge. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe various aspects of emergency tree trimming work, including how to plan and perform a job safely. They should also be able to identify some of the tree cuts that are used for clearing trees and tree limbs from power lines.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Troubleshooting Overhead Lines
The purpose of this course is to teach how to go about patrolling overhead lines. The importance of patrolling to reliable operation of the lines is discussed, and examples of structure, hardware, conductor, insulator, and obstruction problems are shown and explained. An example of how to detect problems while patrolling an overhead line is also given. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to explain why patrolling overhead lines is important. They should understand the types of problems to look for when patrolling overhead lines. They should be able to detect structure problems, problems with broken or damaged hardware on a pole or tower, problems with conductors and insulators, and current or developing obstructions of the lines. They should also be able to demonstrate the ability to detect problems when patrolling overhead lines.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Working on De-energized Transmission Lines
The purpose of this course is to teach principles and practices for working safely on de-energized transmission lines. The course explains how a de-energized line could become energized if the proper safety practices are not followed. An approach to de-energizing, isolating, testing, and grounding a transmission line is presented. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe the dangers of a de-energized line's becoming energized. They should be able to describe how to safely de-energize, isolate, test, and ground a transmission line. They should also be able to describe or demonstrate how to use temporary grounds and personal grounds.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Working on Distribution Poles
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic principles involved in working safely on distribution. To illustrate these principles, participants are shown some resources available for planning distribution work. Participants then are shown an example of how to accomplish the following jobs: replacing secondary conductors, using a temporary crossarm, moving energized conductors, and installing dead-ends. At the conclusion of this course, participants should have a basic understanding of how to plan a job that requires climbing, how to work and maneuver near energized conductors, and how to install some types of material and equipment. They should also have a basic understanding of how to approach the jobs that have been demonstrated in this course.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)



RIGGING (ITD)

Advanced Rigging - Transmission & Distribution
The Advanced Rigging course is designed to familiarize participants with the various types of weights and tensions associated with rigging in line work. The procedures and concepts presented assume a familiarity with basic electrical theory and transmission and distribution systems. Participants without this prior training may require additional explanation or instruction. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to explain the difference between static force loads and dynamic force loads, and how to determine the weight of each type of load. Participants should also be able to explain line tension, bisect tension, and guy tension, and they should be able to determine each type of tension for a given job. In addition, participants should be able to define the term “safety factor” in terms of rigging, and they should be able to use a safety factor to plan safe rigging.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Rigging for High Voltage Line Work
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic principles of rigging for high-voltage work and to demonstrate how these principles apply in three typical rigging jobs. Particular emphasis is placed on basic safety issues and on properly planning a rigging job. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to explain how to approach rigging near energized lines. They should understand how to plan a job and how the amount of strain involved affects the size and type of equipment selected. They should also be able to describe how to rig to remove strain from a transmission insulator.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Rigging, Part 1
The purpose of this course is to teach the fundamentals of overhead rigging. The topics covered include three basic elements of safe rigging, rope, knots and knot tying, use of a handline, and use of block and tackle. The course also introduces approaches to performing some basic rigging tasks. At the conclusion of this course, participants should have a basic understanding of how to plan a rigging job, how to inspect the equipment used on a job, how to tie basic knots commonly used in rigging, how to hang and use a handline, and how to hang and use a block and tackle. Participants should also be able to calculate the mechanical advantage of a block and tackle and identify the basic parts of a rope.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Rigging, Part 2
The purpose of this course is to teach rigging skills required for tasks often performed in line work. The course demonstrates how to rig to lift a conductor and how to rig to take the strain from a conductor at a dead end. Rigging to lift and move a piece of equipment and the use of a gin pole are also demonstrated. Safety is emphasized throughout the course. At the conclusion of this course, participants should have a basic understanding of how to rig to lift a conductor, how to rig to take strain at a dead end, how to lift and move a load, and how to use a gin pole. They should understand how to maintain safe working clearances around energized lines and how to avoid overloading rigging equipment.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)



T&D CONSTRUCTION

Series and Street Lighting
Series and Street Lighting is designed to familiarize participants with electrical street lighting systems that use series alternating current (AC) circuits. The components and operation of series street lighting circuits are discussed, as well as how to identify some common street lighting circuit faults. To obtain maximum advantage from this course, participants should have an understanding of basic electrical theory and the components and operation of distribution systems. They should also be familiar with circuit and wiring diagrams. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe the design and operation of series street lighting circuits and the components that make up a series street lighting system. They should also be able to describe basic troubleshooting procedures for determining the cause of a fault in a series street lighting circuit.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Service Installation
The purpose of this course is to teach how to make single-phase and three-phase service connections. Various kinds of hardware used to make service connections are shown, and their use is demonstrated. Residential service connections from underground and from overhead are demonstrated. Three-phase connections are also demonstrated, as well as how to install a parallel service and how to replace a three-phase service without interruption of the service. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to demonstrate how a variety of connection hardware is used. They should be able to make residential service connections from overhead or underground. They should also be able to make a three-phase service connection, install a parallel three-phase service, and replace a three-phase service without interruption.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Setting and Replacing Poles
The purpose of this course is to teach how to set a pole and two methods of manual replacement of an existing pole. The most common method of setting poles using power equipment is demonstrated first. Because power equipment may not always be available or may not be able to reach the job site, two manual methods of replacing poles are demonstrated. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe and demonstrate how to set a pole using a derrick. They should be able to describe and demonstrate how to set a pole in a hole adjacent to an existing pole by rigging off of the existing pole. They should also be able to describe and demonstrate how to replace a pole with a new pole in the same hole.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Temporary Structures
The purpose of this course is to describe why and how temporary structures may be used to support transmission lines. Circumstances that could lead to a need for temporary structures are presented, and positioning, assembly, and guying of a temporary structure are demonstrated. How to transfer lines to a temporary structure is also explained. At the conclusion of this course, participants should understand why temporary structures are sometimes used. They should understand how to position, assemble, and guy a temporary structure. They should also be able to explain how to safely transfer transmission lines to a temporary structure.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)



T&D DISTRIBUTION

Distribution
The purpose of this course is to teach transmission and distribution (T&D) personnel to recognize the basic elements in a distribution system and to understand, in general, how each element works. The course also introduces basic protective devices and the process of sectionalizing. At the conclusion of this course, participants should know how to recognize transformers, voltage regulators, and capacitors. They should also have a basic understanding of how these devices work. Participants should also be able to identify basic protective devices used on distribution systems to protect the system and its components from damage and its customers from outages. And participants should have a basic understanding of how distribution systems are laid out.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Distribution Line Installation and Removal
The purpose of this course is to teach how to install a new line to replace an old line. The situation described is one that often occurs when roads are widened, making it necessary to install a new line on new structures. The course demonstrates how to install the new line, parallel it with the old line, and de-energize and remove the old line. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to plan an installation and removal job and demonstrate how to perform the major steps involved in doing the job. They should be able to pull and sag lines, parallel a new line with an existing line, remove conductors, and remove equipment.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Distribution Line Repair - Gloves
The purpose of this course is to teach the principles involved in working on energized lines using insulated gloves. These principles are illustrated by a demonstration of replacing dead-end crossarms with the lines energized. Method, communication, concentration, and safety are emphasized throughout the course. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to demonstrate how to work safely on energized lines using insulated gloves. They should be able to demonstrate how to prepare for a job that will be done using gloves, perform the work safely, and return the job site to a normal condition. They should also understand the steps required to perform the specific job demonstrated.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Distribution Line Repair - Hot Sticks
The purpose of this course is to teach the principles involved in working on energized lines using hot sticks. The principles are illustrated by a demonstration of replacement of dead-end crossarms with the lines energized. The same job is used as with gloves in order to show more clearly how using hot sticks differs from using gloves. Method, communication, concentration, and safety are emphasized throughout the course. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to demonstrate how to work safely on energized lines using hot sticks. They should be able to demonstrate how to prepare for a job that will be done using hot sticks, perform the work safely, and return the job site to a normal condition. They should also understand the steps required to perform the specific job demonstrated.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Distribution Line Replacement
The purpose of this course is to teach how to replace conductors in an existing line with new conductors. The situation described is one that often occurs when it is necessary to increase the size of the conductors in a line. The course demonstrates how to install the new conductors, parallel them with the existing conductors, and remove the old conductors. The importance of maintaining the proper clearances and the importance of maintaining the integrity of the existing line are explained. Safety is emphasized throughout the course. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to plan a replacement job and demonstrate how to perform the major steps involved in doing the job. They should be able to install temporary crossarms, transfer lines, pull and sag new lines, parallel a new line with an existing line, and remove old conductors.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)



T&D EQUIPMENT

Bucket Trucks, Part 1
The purpose of this course is to teach the major parts of a bucket truck, safety features commonly found on bucket trucks, and some of the pre-use inspections that can be made on a bucket truck. It is assumed that participants has no previous experience in operating bucket trucks. After completing the course, participants should practice operating the controls of a bucket truck under the supervision of experienced personnel. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be familiar with the major parts of bucket trucks. They should also be familiar with the basic types of bucket trucks, the boom controls, some of the common safety features and overrides, and some of the common pre-use inspections that can be performed on a bucket truck.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Bucket Trucks, Part 2
The purpose of this course is to teach some basic techniques that can be used to operate a bucket truck safely and efficiently. Techniques for setting up and operating a bucket truck at three typical job sites are described. It is assumed that participants is already familiar with the basic parts of a bucket truck and understands how to use the bucket controls to operate the booms. After completing the course, participants should practice setting up and operating a bucket truck at a job site under the supervision of experienced personnel. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to set up and operate a bucket truck at a job site.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Hydraulic Derricks
The purpose of this course is to familiarize participants with three types of hydraulic digging equipment: digger derricks, backhoes, and trenchers. The major working parts and controls and safe operating practices for each are described. Each piece of equipment is shown safely performing a job typical of those for which it is designed. After completing this course, participants should be able to locate and identify the major working parts and controls of digger derricks, backhoes, and trenchers. They should also be able to summarize the uses for which each machine has been designed and describe each machine's safe operation in the field.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Material Handling Bucket Trucks
The purpose of this course is to teach the operation of material handling bucket trucks. The course focuses on the material handling features of the truck that distinguish it from other types of bucket trucks. It covers truck positioning, lift capacity, and some of the conductor lifting attachments that can be used to make a material handling bucket truck even more useful in the field. To gain maximum advantage from this course, participants should already be familiar with basic bucket trucks. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to identify the material handling features of a material handling bucket truck, including the winch, the jib, and conductor lifting attachments. They should also be able to explain lift capacity and demonstrate how to use a material handling bucket truck to lift equipment or conductors.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Mobile Hydraulic Systems
The purpose of this course is to teach basic operation and maintenance of mobile hydraulic systems used on line trucks. The course presents the basic principles of hydraulic power and explains how these principles are used to produce motion. Inspection and routine maintenance of mobile hydraulic systems are also discussed. At the conclusion of this course, participants should have a basic understanding of how mobile hydraulic systems operate. They should be able to identify components of a mobile hydraulic system and explain how they function. They should also be able to inspect a mobile hydraulic system and perform minor maintenance.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)



T&D MAINTENANCE

Care and Testing of Tools and Equipment
The purpose of this course is to teach care, inspection, and testing of tools and equipment commonly used in transmission and distribution maintenance work. Basic information is also provided on two particular types of tests: dielectric tests and acoustic emission tests. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to define the objectives of dielectric and acoustic emission tests and to explain, in general terms, how these tests are performed. Participants should be able to describe and demonstrate how to inspect protective equipment such as rubber gloves, sleeves, blankets, line hose, hoods, mechanical jumpers, bucket trucks, and hot sticks. They should also understand how to care for this equipment.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Compressors and Pneumatic Tools
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic operating principles and general operating procedures for air compressors and the following pneumatic tools: jackhammers, tamps, pumps, circular air saws, and duct blowing rigs. The course shows how to use the tools efficiently for several construction and maintenance jobs. Emphasis is placed on the important safety precautions associated with using these tools. At the conclusion of this course, participants should have a basic understanding of how to operate an air compressor. They should also know how to use pneumatic tools safely and efficiently on a job.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Hydraulic Hand Tools, Part 1
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic principles of operation of three commonly used types of hydraulic hand tools: breakers, pole pullers, and tamps. The course also presents some of the basic principles of hydraulics and shows how these principles apply to the operation of a hydraulic power system. At the conclusion of this course, participants should have a basic understanding of how hydraulic breakers, pole pullers, and tamps operate. They should be able to identify the basic external and internal parts of the tools and explain their functions. They should also know the safety precautions that are applicable to using hydraulic hand tools on a job.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Hydraulic Hand Tools, Part 2
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic principles of operation of three types of hydraulic hand tools: chain saws, impact wrenches, and presses. In addition to showing how these tools work, the course explains how to use them to perform some of the tasks commonly assigned to transmission and distribution linemen. At the conclusion of this course, participants should have a basic understanding of how hydraulic chain saws, impact wrenches, and presses operate. They should also know how to use and maintain each type of tool safely and efficiently.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Power Quality and Reliability
This course is designed to familiarize participants with the issues and problems associated with maintaining power quality. T o obtain maximum benefit from this course, participants should have a general understanding of the basic concepts of electric power generation, transmission, and distribution. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to explain the basic concepts of power quality, identify sources and causes of power quality problems, and describe the effects of power quality problems on residential and commercial customers. They should also be able to identify equipment and methods for preventing and monitoring power quality problems.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

System Protection and Monitoring
The purpose of this course is to teach participants the principles of protection and monitoring in a transmission and distribution (T&D) system. The course explains the role of protective devices, system grounds, and monitoring and control equipment. Techniques for installing or replacing ground rods, arrestors, and fuse links are presented. The course also describes how monitoring and control equipment is typically used in a T&D system. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to explain how system grounds, arrestors, and fuse cutouts are used to protect T&D system components. They should also be able to describe the basic function and features of a SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) system.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Using Line Test Equipment
The purpose of this course is to introduce types of line test equipment used in the field to detect voltage, amperage, and resistance; to show how this equipment is used; and to show the kinds of readings that can be expected from this equipment. After completing this course, participants should be able to identify types of line test equipment used in the field. They should have a basic understanding of the use of this equipment; they should know how to determine which instrument to use; and they should be able to demonstrate the use of each meter to take a reading.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)


T&D SAFETY

Distribution Line Safety
The Distribution Line Safety course is designed primarily to introduce participants to principles and techniques of equipotential grounding. Although the course is intended as an introduction to equipotential grounding, the procedures and concepts presented assume a familiarity with basic electrical theory, distribution systems, grounding theory and application, and basic distribution line work methods and procedures. Participants without this prior training may require additional explanation or instruction. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to explain the purpose of grounding an overhead line during maintenance work and describe ways in which an isolated or de-energized line can become energized. Participants should also be able to define the term “zone of equipotential” and explain how equipotential grounding operates to safeguard linemen in the event of a ground fault condition. Finally, participants should be able to describe or demonstrate how grounding equipment can be used to set up a zone of equipotential.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Safe Bucket Truck Operations
This course covers aspects of bucket truck safety such as how to avoid accidents, how to lower the boom in an emergency, and how to carry out a bucket truck rescue. It is assumed that participants are already familiar with the basic parts and operation of a bucket truck. Participants should be familiar with all applicable safety procedures before they operate a bucket truck. The instructor should make sure that all participants wear hard hats, safety glasses, and gloves. After completing this course, participants should be able to explain how to perform a preuse inspection o f a bucket truck, describe safety considerations associated with using a bucket truck at a job site, and explain how personnel can be protected from bucket truck shock hazards. They should also be able to describe common methods of bucket truck escape, emergency boom lowering, and bucket truck rescue.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Safety in Overhead Line Maintenance
The purpose of this course is to teach basic safety principles and practices applicable to work on overhead lines. The principles stressed are proper attitude, preplanning, care and inspection of equipment, and creation of a safe work area. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to recognize the electrical and structural hazards associated with overhead line maintenance and know what to do to avoid them. They should know how to identify, care for, inspect, and use the protective equipment necessary for working near energized lines and equipment. They should also know the correct procedures for working aloft, and they should understand how to perform a fast and safe pole top rescue.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Safety in Substations and Switchyards
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic safety principles and practices applicable to substation and switchyard maintenance work. The course describes electrical, chemical, and personal hazards that may be encountered in substations and switchyards. A general procedure for responding to imminent dangers and accidents is also presented. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to identify hazards in substations and switchyards and explain why safety practices are important. They should be able to recognize hazards and unsafe practices on the job, and they should have a general understanding of how to respond to imminent dangers and accidents.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Safety in Transmission and Distribution Maintenance
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic safety considerations involved in performing maintenance work on transmission and distribution (T&D) systems. Specific electrical shock hazards and how to avoid them are discussed. The course describes hazards that may be encountered in overhead, underground, and substation and switchyard maintenance work. At the conclusion of this course, participants should have a basic understanding of the types of hazards that may be encountered in T&D maintenance work.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Safety in Underground Line Maintenance
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic safety principles and practices applicable to underground line maintenance work. The principles covered are applicable to work area safety, to the use of test equipment to ensure respiratory and electrical safety, to ensure the structural integrity of underground work sites, to the use of respirators, and to emergency responses. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to identify some of the hazards found in and around underground work areas. They should be able to recognize and explain methods used to provide a safe work environment. They should also be able to describe the use of personal safety equipment and identify the safety considerations involved in a typical vault emergency.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Transmission Line Safety
This course is designed to cover three major areas relating to safety in transmission line work: personal safety, electrical safety, and work site safety. Specific attention is directed to proper clothing and protective equipment; hazards associated with slipping, tripping and falling, and lifting and moving loads; electrical hazards and steps that can be taken to safeguard against them; and how personnel can work safely at the job site, both on the ground and while climbing transmission structures. The procedures and concepts presented assume a familiarity with basic electrical theory and transmission and distribution systems. Participants without this prior training may require additional explanation or instruction. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to choose the proper clothing and protective equipment; and take the necessary steps to guard against slipping, tripping, and falling hazards and the hazards associated with lifting and moving loads. Participants should also be able to describe possible electrical hazards and steps that can be taken to safeguard against them. In addition, they should be able to describe the steps that can be taken to safeguard against hazards at the work site, both on the ground and while climbing transmission structures.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)


T&D SYSTEMS AND THEORY

High Voltage AC Power, Part 1
The purpose of this course is to introduce transmission and distribution (T&D) personnel to some of the factors that influence transmission efficiency and power loss. The course explains how T&D systems are designed to minimize power loss and how resistance, capacitive reactance, and inductive reactance can be manipulated to help maintain minimum levels of power loss. At the conclusion of this course, participants should know what power loss is and how power loss is affected by impedance. They should understand that impedance comes from resistance, capacitive reactance, and inductive reactance.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

High Voltage AC Power, Part 2
The purpose of this course is to teach participants basic alternating current (AC) power theory. The course focuses on the relationships between various types of power and on the functions of transformers, voltage regulators, and capacitors in a distribution system. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to define apparent power, true power, reactive power, and power factor and explain the meaning of each term in the context of three-phase AC distribution systems. They should also be able to describe how delta and wye configurations affect voltage and current and how voltage regulators and capacitors are used to affect the power factor in a three-phase distribution system.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Introduction to Smart Grid
This course will describe what the smart grid is and why it was developed. It will also describe advanced sensing and measurement techniques and control strategies that are used within smart grid systems. Finally, the course will provide an overview of advanced technologies developed for smart grid systems.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Introduction to Transmission and Distribution Systems
The purpose of this course is to teach participants how transmission and distribution (T&D) systems generally deliver to customers the power produced by power plants. The course describes how the major components of a T&D system function and how electricity flows through these components on its journey from the power plant to customers. At the conclusion of this course, participants should have a basic understanding of how transmission and distribution systems operate. They should be able to identify the basic components of a transmission and distribution system and explain their functions. They should also be able to describe the flow path from a power plant, through a typical T&D system, to the customer.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Multiple Street Lighting Systems
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic principles of operation and maintenance of a multiple street lighting system. The course presents the fundamental theory of operation and identifies the equipment typically found in a multiple street lighting system. Approaches to detecting and correcting common problems are also shown. At the conclusion of this course, participants should have a basic understanding of how multiple street lighting systems work, what equipment they use, and how they are controlled. Participants should be able to detect and correct common problems in a multiple street lighting system.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Reading Electrical System Diagrams, Part 1
The purpose of this course is to teach participants the kinds of information that can be obtained by reading electrical system diagrams and to illustrate how this information can be used to assist linemen who work on electrical systems. Practical examples of how to get information are given throughout the course. At the conclusion of this course, participants should know what kind of information is typically found on construction diagrams, on schematic diagrams, and in specification manuals. They should know how to use all of these references to determine the information necessary to do a job.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Reading Electrical System Diagrams, Part 2
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic kinds of information that can be obtained from three types of electrical system diagrams: one-line diagrams, plan-profile diagrams, and framing diagrams. The course shows how these diagrams are read and interpreted and how information from all three types of diagrams can be used to complete an assignment. At the conclusion of this course, participants should know what information is typically found on one-line, plan profile, and framing diagrams. They should also be able to use one-line and plan-profile diagrams to determine the location of a job site and then plan the best route to the site. In addition, participants should be able to use a framing diagram to determine what materials should be present at a work site and in what quantities.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Series and Street Lighting
Series and Street Lighting is designed to familiarize participants with electrical street lighting systems that use series alternating current (AC) circuits. The components and operation of series street lighting circuits are discussed, as well as how to identify some common street lighting circuit faults. To obtain maximum advantage from this course, participants should have an understanding of basic electrical theory and the components and operation of distribution systems. They should also be familiar with circuit and wiring diagrams. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe the design and operation of series street lighting circuits and the components that make up a series street lighting system. They should also be able to describe basic troubleshooting procedures for determining the cause of a fault in a series street lighting circuit.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Substations and Switchyards
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic safety principles and practices applicable to substation and switchyard maintenance work. The course describes electrical, chemical, and personal hazards that may be encountered in substations and switchyards. A general procedure for responding to imminent dangers and accidents is also presented. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to identify hazards in substations and switchyards and explain why safety practices are important. They should be able to recognize hazards and unsafe practices on the job, and they should have a general understanding of how to respond to imminent dangers and accidents.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)


UNDERGROUND LINE / CABLE

Cable Fault Locating, Part 1 (Radar)
Cable Fault Locating (Radar), Part 1 is designed to familiarize participants with how a radar cable fault locator works, how to interpret the information provided by a radar cable fault locator, and how a radar cable fault locator can be used to test a section of underground residential distribution (URD) cable. To gain maximum advantage from this course, participants should have a basic understanding of URD systems and troubleshooting procedures used for URD cable faults. Participants without this prior training may require additional explanation or instruction. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to explain how a radar cable fault locator works and what the information provided by the fault locator means. They should also be able to describe how to use a radar cable fault locator to test a section of URD cable.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Cable Fault Locating, Part 2 (Radar)
Cable Fault Locating (Radar), Part 2 is designed to familiarize participants with equipment and basic procedures for prelocating and pinpointing faults in underground cables using radar cable fault locators. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to explain the basic concepts of prelocating a cable fault, and should be able to describe how to prelocate a cable fault using the arc reflection method. They should also be able to describe how to pinpoint the location of a cable fault after it has been prelocated.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Cable Fault Location, Part 1
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic principles of using capacitive discharge equipment and voltage gradient equipment to locate faults in direct-buried cable. Examples are used to illustrate the considerations involved in locating faults. The use of capacitive discharge equipment to locate a fault in primary cable and the use of voltage gradient equipment to locate a fault in secondary cable are demonstrated. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to locate a fault in primary direct-buried cable using capacitive discharge equipment. They should also be able to locate a fault in secondary direct-buried cable using voltage gradient equipment.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Cable Fault Location, Part 2
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic principles involved in using two types of specialized equipment to locate faults in underground cable. The course explains and demonstrates how tracer current equipment can be used to locate faults in duct-lay cable and how a high-voltage bridge can be used to determine the approximate location of a fault in pipe-type cable. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to locate a phase-to-ground fault in a duct-lay cable with tracer current equipment. They should be able to determine the approximate location of a fault in pipe-type cable with a high-voltage bridge.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Cable Splicing, Part 1
The purpose of this course is to teach the principles of underground cable splicing and to demonstrate how cable splices are made. The course explains how to approach splicing in both primary and secondary cable. Demonstrations of splicing both types of cable are presented. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to explain how cable splices are made. They should know how to make a splice in either primary or secondary cable. They should also understand how heat shrink and cold shrink splices are used.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Cable Splicing, Part 2
The purpose of this course is to teach the principles of splicing paper-insulated lead-covered (PILC) cables. The course explains how to prepare PILC cable for several typical splices made on primary PILC cables. Demonstrations of making several typical splices on PILC cables are presented. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to explain how several typical splices on PILC cables are made. They should know how to make a straight splice, a typical transitional splice, and one type of trifurcating transitional splice on a PILC cable.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Cable Terminations
The purpose of this course is to teach the principles of high-voltage cable terminations and to demonstrate how such cable terminations are made. The course explains the problems associated with voltage stress and the function of stress cones. Demonstrations of how to make several different kinds of cable terminations are presented. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to explain what voltage stress is and how terminations are built to avoid voltage stress problems. They should understand how to make a high-voltage termination in a substation. They should also know how to make terminations at pedestals and how to install a pothead.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Pad-Mounted Transformers and Switchgear
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic principles of operation of pad-mounted transformers and switchgear, the types of equipment that are in common use, and how they are connected. The course also presents the basic principles of pad-mounted transformer and switchgear inspection and troubleshooting and shows an example of how to detect a problem with one leg of a three-phase transformer. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to state how pad-mounted transformers and switchgear are used and to describe how they are connected. They should be able to recognize and identify commonly used types of pad-mounted transformers and switchgear. They should also be able to inspect pad-mounted transformers and switchgear, and they should be able to detect a problem with one leg of a three-phase transformer.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Underground Cable Installation
The purpose of this course is to teach two methods of underground cable installation: direct burying and installation in conduit. The course demonstrates how to install and connect a direct-buried cable. A demonstration of how to install cable in underground conduit is also presented. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to install and connect a direct-buried cable. They should also be able to install PVC conduit underground and pull cable into it.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Underground Conduit
The purpose of this course is to teach how to pull cable in manholes and how oil-filled metal conduit is monitored and maintained. The course describes typical cable-pulling equipment and demonstrates how it is used to pull cable in manholes. Oil-filled metal conduit is described, and the principles of corrosion monitoring are explained. An approach to repair of a leaking oil-filled metal conduit is also presented. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe and demonstrate how cable-pulling equipment is used to pull cable in manholes. They should also understand the purpose of oil-filled metal conduit, and they should be able to explain how corrosion-monitoring equipment works and how to repair leaking oil-filled metal conduit.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

Underground Residential Distribution Systems
The purpose of this course is to teach how underground residential distribution (URD) systems are connected along with the basic components they contain. The course covers the basic principles of installation and routine maintenance. It also demonstrates basic switching operations. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to identify common types of URD systems. They should be able to list and identify common components of a URD system and describe typical routine maintenance tasks. They should also be able to describe switching in a loop system to isolate components without interrupting customer service.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

URD Transformers
The purpose of this course is to teach the basic principles involved in detecting a transformer problem and to illustrate disconnecting, replacing, and reconnecting a faulted subsurface transformer. Basic troubleshooting techniques are presented using an example in which a subsurface residential transformer has caused a power outage. Techniques for energizing and de-energizing are illustrated. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to explain how to use the process of elimination to determine the cause of a residential power outage. They should be able to apply this process to locate the cause of a residential power outage. They should also know how to use diagrams to locate circuits, transformers, and houses, and know how to plan a logical search for the cause of an outage.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)

URD Troubleshooting
This course is designed to familiarize participants with some basic methods that can be used to troubleshoot transformer faults and cable faults in underground residential distribution (URD) systems. T o gain maximum advantage from this course, participants should have a basic understanding of how URD systems are arranged and how they function. Participants without this prior training may require additional explanation or instruction. At the conclusion of this course, participants should be able to describe methods that can be used to troubleshoot transformer faults and cable faults in a URD system.

Course Duration: 1 Hour(s)



FACILITY MANAGEMENT

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Facility Management & Maintenance Courses

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More Than 60 Hours of OSHA Safety Training

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Valuable Training for the Workplace

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